Are you an Indian student who dreams of studying in Germany? Do you want to know how to prepare for your journey, what to expect from the German education system, and how to make the most of your experience? If yes, then this article is for you. In this article, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of studying in Germany as an Indian student, and provide you with some useful tips and resources along the way.
Why Study in Germany?
Germany is one of the most popular destinations for international students, especially for those who are interested in engineering, science, and technology. Germany has many advantages for Indian students, such as:
- High-quality education: Germany has over 400 universities that offer a wide range of courses in various disciplines. Many of these universities are ranked among the top in the world, and have a reputation for excellence in research and innovation. German universities also have strong ties with the industry, which means that you can benefit from practical training and internship opportunities during your studies.
- Low or no tuition fees: Most public universities in Germany do not charge any tuition fees to students, regardless of their nationality. This means that you can study in Germany for free, or for a very low cost. You only have to pay a small administrative fee per semester, which usually covers the cost of a student ID, a public transport ticket, and some other services. Some private universities may charge tuition fees, but they are usually lower than in other countries.
- Scholarships and financial aid: If you need financial assistance to study in Germany, you can apply for various scholarships and grants offered by the German government, the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service), and other organizations. These scholarships can cover your living expenses, travel costs, health insurance, and more. You can also work part-time while studying, as long as you comply with the visa regulations and the university rules.
- Cultural diversity and exposure: Germany is a multicultural and cosmopolitan country, where you can meet people from different backgrounds, cultures, and languages. You can also explore the rich history, art, and architecture of Germany, and enjoy its festivals, cuisine, and nightlife. Studying in Germany will also give you the opportunity to learn or improve your German language skills, which can open many doors for your future career and personal development.
How to Study in Germany?
Studying in Germany requires careful planning and preparation. Here are the main steps that you need to follow:
1. Choose your course and university
The first step is to decide what you want to study and where you want to study. Germany offers a variety of courses at different levels, such as:
- Bachelor’s degree: This is the first level of higher education, which usually takes three to four years to complete. You can choose from a wide range of subjects, such as engineering, business, humanities, social sciences, and more. To apply for a bachelor’s degree, you need to have a higher secondary certificate (12th standard) or equivalent, and meet the specific requirements of the university and the course. You may also need to take an entrance exam or a language test, depending on the course and the university.
- Master’s degree: This is the second level of higher education, which usually takes one to two years to complete. You can choose from a variety of specialized subjects, such as data science, project management, human rights, and more. To apply for a master’s degree, you need to have a bachelor’s degree or equivalent, and meet the specific requirements of the university and the course. You may also need to take a GRE, GMAT, or a language test, depending on the course and the university.
- PhD degree: This is the highest level of academic qualification, which usually takes three to five years to complete. You can pursue a PhD in any field of your interest, and conduct original research under the supervision of a professor. To apply for a PhD degree, you need to have a master’s degree or equivalent, and meet the specific requirements of the university and the research project. You may also need to take a language test, depending on the project and the university.
To find the best course and university for you, you can use various online platforms and databases, such as:
- My GUIDE: This is a tool that helps you find the right study program in Germany, based on your academic background and interests. You can also check your entrance qualification and contact your favorite university through this platform.
- DAAD India: This is the official website of the DAAD in India, which provides comprehensive information and guidance on studying and researching in Germany. You can also find out about the scholarships and funding opportunities offered by the DAAD and other organizations.
- Shiksha.com: This is a website that helps you compare the top universities, courses, costs, scholarships, and placements for Indian students in Germany. You can also read reviews and ratings from other students, and get expert advice and counselling.
2. Apply for admission
The next step is to apply for admission to the university and the course of your choice. The application process and the deadlines may vary depending on the university and the course, but generally, you need to follow these steps:
- Prepare your documents: You need to prepare and submit various documents along with your application, such as your academic transcripts, degree certificates, language test scores, motivation letter, CV, recommendation letters, and more. You may also need to get your documents evaluated by WES or EP, depending on the university and the course. You should check the specific requirements and the format of the documents on the university website, and make sure that they are complete and accurate.
- Submit your application: You need to submit your application online or offline, depending on the university and the course. You may also need to pay an application fee, depending on the university and the course. You should check the application portal and the deadline on the university website, and make sure that you submit your application on time and with all the required documents.
- Wait for the admission decision: You need to wait for the admission decision from the university, which may take a few weeks or months, depending on the university and the course. You will receive an email or a letter from the university, informing you whether you have been accepted, rejected, or waitlisted. If you have been accepted, you will also receive a letter of admission, which is an official document that confirms your admission and contains important information about your course, fees, and visa.
3. Apply for a visa
The third step is to apply for a visa to enter and study in Germany. As an Indian student, you need to apply for a student visa, which is a type of national visa that allows you to stay and study in Germany for more than 90 days. To apply for a student visa, you need to follow these steps:
- Book an appointment: You need to book an appointment at the German embassy or consulate in your city, where you will submit your visa application and attend an interview. You can book an appointment online through the VFS Global website, which is the official partner of the German missions in India. You should book your appointment as soon as possible, as the slots are limited and the waiting time can be long.
- Prepare your documents: You need to prepare and submit various documents along with your visa application, such as your passport, letter of admission, proof of financial means, health insurance, travel itinerary, and more. You may also need to submit biometric data, such as your fingerprints and photograph. You should check the specific requirements and the format of the documents on the VFS Global website, and make sure that they are complete and accurate.
- Submit your application and attend the interview: You need to submit your application and attend the interview at the German embassy or consulate on the day of your appointment. You will have to pay a visa fee of 75 euros, which is non-refundable. You will also have to answer some questions about your study plans, your motivation, your background, and your future goals. You should be honest and confident, and provide clear and consistent answers.
- Wait for the visa decision: You need to wait for the visa decision from the German embassy or consulate, which may take a few weeks or months, depending on the workload and the season. You will receive an email or a SMS from the VFS Global, informing you whether your visa has been granted, denied, or delayed. If your visa has been granted, you will also receive your passport with the visa sticker, which you can collect from the VFS Global office or have it delivered to your address.
How to Live and Study in Germany?
Once you have received your admission and visa, you are ready to embark on your journey to Germany. However, there are still some things that you need to do and know before and after you arrive in Germany, such as:
- Book your flight and accommodation: You need to book your flight and accommodation in advance, as the prices and availability may change depending on the demand and the season. You can use various online platforms and apps, such as Skyscanner, Booking.com, Airbnb, and more, to find the best deals and options for your travel and stay. You should also check the baggage allowance and the travel restrictions of your airline, and pack your essentials accordingly.
- Register your address and open a bank account: You need to register your address and open a bank account as soon as possible after you arrive in Germany, as these are mandatory for your residence permit and your daily transactions. You can register your address at the local registration office (Einwohnermeldeamt), where you will need to show your passport, visa, letter of admission, rental contract, and a registration form. You can open a bank account at any bank of your choice, where you will need to show your passport, visa, letter of admission, and a proof of address. You should also get a German SIM card and a public transport ticket, which will make your life easier and cheaper in Germany.
- Apply for a residence permit: You need to apply for a residence permit within the first three months of your arrival in Germany, as your visa is only valid for that period. You can apply for a residence permit at the foreigner’s office (Ausländerbehörde), where you will need to show your passport, visa, letter of admission, proof of financial means, health insurance, biometric photo, and a residence permit application form. You will also have to pay a fee of 110 euros, which is non-refundable. You will receive a temporary residence permit, which is valid for one or two years, depending on your course duration. You will have to renew your residence permit before it expires, and inform the authorities of any changes in your personal or academic situation.
- Attend the orientation and enrolment: You need to attend the orientation and enrolment sessions organized by your university, which will help you get familiar with the campus, the facilities, the academic system, and the rules and regulations. You will also have to enrol in your course and choose your modules, which may require you to pay a semester fee, depending on the university and the course. You will receive a student ID, which will give you access to various services and benefits, such as the library, the cafeteria, the sports center, and more. You will also receive a student email account, which will be your main mode of communication with the university and the professors.
- Start your classes and enjoy your studies: You need to start your classes and enjoy your studies in Germany, which will be challenging but rewarding. You will have to attend lectures, seminars, tutorials, labs, and workshops, which will vary in format, duration, and frequency, depending on the course and the university. You will also have to do assignments, projects, presentations, and exams, which will assess your knowledge and skills, and contribute to your final grade. You will have to follow the academic calendar, which will indicate the start and end dates of each semester, the holidays, and the exam periods. You will also have to follow the academic code of conduct, which will prohibit any form of plagiarism, cheating, or misconduct.
How to Make the Most of Your Experience?
Studying in Germany is not only about academics, but also about personal and professional growth. Here are some tips on how to make the most of your experience:
- Learn German: Learning German will not only help you communicate better with the locals, but also enhance your cultural understanding, your career prospects, and your self-confidence. You can learn German by taking courses at your university, at a language school, or online. You can also practice German by watching movies, reading books, listening to music, and joining clubs and events. You can also take the TestDaF or the DSH, which are the official language tests for studying in Germany, and prove your proficiency level.
- Make friends and network: Making friends and network will not only help you cope with the culture shock, the homesickness, and the stress, but also enrich your social and professional life. You can make friends and network by joining student associations, clubs, and societies, which will allow you to meet people who share your interests, hobbies, and goals. You can also join online platforms and groups, such as Facebook, Instagram, Meetup, and more, which will help you connect with other Indian and international students in Germany. You can also attend events, workshops, and seminars, which will help you expand your knowledge and skills, and meet potential employers and mentors.
- Travel and explore: Traveling and exploring will not only help you discover the beauty and diversity of Germany, but also broaden your horizons and perspectives. You can travel and explore by using your public transport ticket, which will allow you to use buses, trains, and trams within your city and region. You can also use your student ID, which will give you discounts and free entry to many museums, monuments, and attractions. You can also use various online platforms and apps, such as GoEuro, Flixbus, BlaBlaCar, and more, which will help you find cheap and convenient ways to travel across Germany and Europe.
Studying in Germany is a great opportunity for Indian students, who can benefit from the high-quality education, the low or no tuition fees, the scholarships and financial aid, and the cultural diversity and exposure. However, studying in Germany also requires careful planning and preparation, which involves choosing your course and university, applying for admission and visa, and living and studying in Germany. By following this guide, you can make your journey to Germany easier and smoother, and make the most of your experience. We wish you all the best for your studies and your future in Germany! 🇩🇪
: My GUIDE : DAAD India : Shiksha.com